Mars is the second smallest planet after Mercury in our solar system and it is also the fourth planet in order from the sun. Its distance from the sun is approximately 227.9 million km and the planet has two moons Phobos and Deimos. Here are some interesting facts about Mars.
17 Interesting Facts about Mars
1. Life forms appear much lighter on Mars
Because of its small size and the less force of surface gravity, the weight of any life form on Mars decreases as compared to Earth. If a human who weighs 90 kilograms would set foot on Mars, they would be considered to be a light and bouncy 34 kilograms on Mars.
2. Live volcano in space
Mars is home to Olympus Mons which is a shield volcano. It that towers in at three times the size of Mt. Everest and covers roughly about the same size as the mainland France does.
3. Its volume is 1/6th of the Earth
Facts about Mars include this particularly interesting one. Speaking volume wise, about 6 Mars planets would be able to sum up the same volume as that of the Earth!
4. The matter of time
Did you know that a Martian day lasts only up to 40 minutes more than a normal Earth day. A year on Mars is 1.8 years as that of Earth, to be specific, 687 days.
5. Soil is fit for growing vegetables
The soil on Mars is quite fit for growing veggies like Turnips and Asparagus. Though that doesn’t give away much about the question of whether life dwelled on Mars or not, but you guys now know which kind of salads you’d be getting in the Mars colonies.
6. How about the weather?
The climate of Mars is extremely cold as compared to Earth and would need to be made hospitable if inhabitants ever start living there. Towards that end, scientists are now trying to improve the conditions by introducing global warming on the planet to make the terrain habitable.
7. Scenic skies
Due to lesser atmosphere, the blue light from the Sun is not scattered on Mars and even though the day sky is red, after sunset the sky’s color goes to dark blue.
8. Main metal
One of the main facts about Mars include the reason why it has red color. Considering metallic reactions, after iron is oxidized the initial color released is black, but upon further reaction with oxygen it turns to a reddish tint. Martian soil is rich in iron and when it comes into contact with the atmospheric gases, it gives off a reddish glow. That’s why it is called the Red Planet.
9. The ups and downs
Mars has a very convoluted maze of canyons which is a one of a kind in the solar system. Noctis Labyrinthus is the name given to the maze. It has been created by the faults triggered by the volcanic activity.
10. The gasses
On Mars the gaseous percentage is very different. It accommodates 96% carbon dioxide and less than 0.2% of oxygen.
11. The flag
Can you imagine what a Martian flag would look like? In 1998 a NASA engineer, Pascal Lee, had designed an unofficial flag for Mars. It was a tricolor and the order was red, green and blue going from left to right.
12. Shining planet
Facts about Mars include it being aligned with the five planets that can be seen by the naked eye, the other four being Jupiter, Saturn, Venus and Mercury.
13. The Martian Grand Canyon
Valles Marineris, the deepest, longest canyon in the solar system is on Mars. It runs 4000 km long and has a width of about 200 km, making it around four times deeper and six times longer as compared to the Grand Canyon!
14. Merciless sandstorms
The sandstorms on Mars are some of the largest and uncontained throughout the entire solar system. The sandstorms can gulp an entire planet reaching up to the speed of 97km per hr.!
15. Waterful planet
NASA researchers believe that around 4.3 billion years ago Mars had enough water to form an ocean which would’ve taken roughly around 18% of the entire planet.
16. Robots on the roll
Mars has about 7 inhabitants on the terrain, all of which are robots planted there. No human has set foot on Mars till now. Scientists are trying to unravel more about the Red Planet in order to make it habitable.
17. The story of its moons
As already mentioned, Mars has two moons Phobos and Deimos. Phobos being the larger of the two rotates around the planet so quickly that it rises in the west once and sets in the eats twice every day!